Top 5 common health problems of dogs

Having a dog as a pet is definitely one of the best things in your life. Your dog is your companion and it loves you unconditionally. Isn’t it only natural that you return the love? You should be aware of the common health problems that can impact your dogs so that you can take spot them early. Here are the 5 common ailments that your dogs can be inflicted with:

  • Worm infestations
  • Infestations from worms are like internal infections in your pet, causing +it extreme discomfort. Young pups are more prone to this ailment than adults. Tapeworms and roundworms are the ones that commonly infect the internal system of dogs. These infections could be spread by fleas or when dogs ingest the waste of other animals.

    Watch out for signs like bloody stools, diarrhea, loss of appetite, vomiting, dull and sick physical appearance, vomiting (often the case with roundworm infestations) and dehydration. Take your doctor to the veterinarian immediately to find out the type of worm that has caused the infection. The doctor will then suggest an oral medication and regular follow up based on the intensity of the infection and the type of worm that has caused the problem.

  • Ear infections
  • Pets, especially dogs, are quite prone to ear infections. Growth of hair inside the ear canal, bacterial infections, ear mites, etc. can cause pain and infection of the ears in dogs. Allergies to the food consumed or the air inhaled can also cause infection in your dog’s ears.  In more serious cases than this, your dog may have a chronic ear infection when it has an existing medical condition such as hormonal imbalances, low thyroid levels, etc.

    Bad odor from the ear, continuous shaking of the head, swelling, redness or inflammation in the ear, bloody, colored discharge (yellow or brown) from the ear, frequent itching, looking back and forth frequently and unusually, loss of balance, etc. are some symptoms that have to ring an alarm bell in your mind. When you spot these, take your dog to the doctor right away. While in most cases, ear drops or cleaning the ear canal would help, in some rare cases, your dog may require surgery if it has been suffering from chronic ear infections.

  • Bacterial skin infections

    Commonly known as hot spots, this is an ailment where you will find red, swollen spots on your dog’s body. When your dog is allergic to something, or when it has been inflicted with some kind of infestation, it itches that spot vigorously, causing it to become red or inflamed. This needs to be treated immediately because the spots can spread very quickly when left untreated for a long time.

    Flea infestations can be an important cause of hot spots anywhere on the dog’s body whereas hot spots on the ear could be because of ear infections. Your vet is the best person to diagnose these spots, identify the cause and treat it as quickly as possible. When your dog starts to scratch any spot frequently, it is time to take him to a vet. Usually, topical medicines, antibiotics, non-steroidal drugs to control the inflammation and cleaning the infected areas can help your dogs get rid of hot spots.

  • Dental Issues
  • When you have an adult dog, you must be aware of the fact that it is prone to dental issues. Inflammation of the gums and infection of the teeth need to be treated without any delay because they can lead to serious problems like bad mouth odor, loss of teeth and failure in the functioning of vital organs such as liver & kidney when left untreated for a long time. It is highly recommended that you take your dog for regular dental examinations so that problems & inflammations can be treated at the early stage itself.

  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Vomiting and diarrhea are quite common health ailments that you will find in dogs. However, the challenge is that these symptoms are similar to most of the diseases. Your dog could vomit because of a simple allergy or because of a more serious ailment such as kidney failure. Never wait for the problem to worsen when your dog starts to vomit. At the first instance of puking, take it to the veterinarian without further delay to diagnose the cause and treat it accordingly.

    Diarrhea could also be the symptom for various ailments such as stress, flea infestations, worm infestations, food allergies, parasite infections in the intestine, etc. When you notice vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy in your dogs, you should seek medical help right away.

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